Signs You Might Have Glaucoma: How to Identify Symptoms without Medical Diagnosis
June 13, 2023

Signs You Might Have Glaucoma: How to Identify Symptoms without Medical Diagnosis

Glaucoma is a serious eye condition that can lead to vision loss if left untreated. While it is essential to consult an eye care professional for an accurate diagnosis, there are certain signs and symptoms that might indicate the presence of glaucoma. In this blog, we will discuss the signs of glaucoma that you can identify without visiting a doctor. However, please note that these signs should never replace a comprehensive eye examination conducted by a qualified healthcare professional. Let’s explore the potential indicators of glaucoma that you should be aware of.

  1. Changes in Vision

One of the early signs of glaucoma can be changes in your vision. You might notice a gradual decrease in your peripheral vision or difficulty seeing objects from the corner of your eyes. You may also experience blurred vision or see halos around lights. However, these symptoms can be subtle and easily overlooked. If you notice any persistent changes in your vision, it is crucial to seek professional medical advice.

  1. Eye Pain or Discomfort

Some individuals with glaucoma may experience eye pain or discomfort, particularly in cases of acute angle-closure glaucoma. This type of glaucoma occurs when the fluid drainage in the eye becomes suddenly blocked, leading to a rapid increase in intraocular pressure. If you experience severe eye pain, redness, headache, nausea, and vomiting, it may indicate a medical emergency. In such cases, seeking immediate medical attention is crucial to prevent permanent vision loss.

  1. High Risk Factors

Certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing glaucoma. These include:

  • Age: Individuals over the age of 60 are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma.
  • Family History: If you have a close relative with glaucoma, your risk of developing the condition is increased.
  • Ethnicity: People of African, Hispanic, and Asian descent have a higher risk of glaucoma.
  • Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, and nearsightedness can increase the risk of glaucoma.

If you fall into any of these high-risk categories, it is important to be proactive about your eye health and undergo regular eye examinations.

  1. Increased Intraocular Pressure (IOP)

While elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is not always indicative of glaucoma, it is a significant risk factor. Intraocular pressure refers to the fluid pressure inside the eye, and high IOP can damage the optic nerve over time. Although you cannot measure your IOP accurately without a professional exam, you can be vigilant about other symptoms and risk factors associated with glaucoma.

  1. Gradual Loss of Peripheral Vision

Glaucoma typically causes a gradual loss of peripheral vision, which often goes unnoticed in the early stages. To self-monitor your vision, you can perform simple tests such as the Amsler grid test. This test involves looking at a grid pattern to check for any irregularities or missing areas. If you notice any changes or distortions in your peripheral vision, it is essential to consult an eye care specialist promptly.


Identifying the signs and symptoms of glaucoma without a medical diagnosis can be challenging. However, being aware of potential indicators and risk factors can prompt you to seek professional medical advice in a timely manner. Remember that regular eye examinations are crucial for early detection and proper management of glaucoma. If you notice any changes in your vision, experience eye pain, or fall into the high-risk categories, do not rely solely on self-diagnosis. Consult with an eye care professional who can provide an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.


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  3. American Academy of Ophthalmology. (2021). Glaucoma. Retrieved from