The cornea is tissue that covers the colored portion of the eye, acting much like a watch crystal covers the face of a watch. Because the cornea is the “window” to the eye, it is often exposed to light, touch and environmental factors that can cause corneal disorders that can affect vision and cause pain and discomfort.
At Northeastern Eye Institute, our team of trained and experienced eye doctors can diagnose and treat a huge range of common and uncommon corneal disorders, including:
- Corneal abrasion: An injury on the surface of the cornea caused by contact lenses, fingernails, paper cuts, rubbing or other objects. These are generally treated with a topical antibiotic to prevent infection.
- Conjunctivitis: The inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the membrane that covers the white of the eye (sclera). When the conjunctiva becomes irritated or inflamed, the blood vessels that supply it become enlarged and more prominent, causing the eye to turn red. Conjunctiva is caused by infections, allergies and irritants.
- Keratoconus: A degenerative eye disorder which causes the cornea to become thin and cone-shaped. This is a relatively uncommon condition, that causes a serious distortion of vision. Keratoconus can be managed with rigid contact lenses, or a corneal transplant in more extreme cases.
- Corneal edema: This is a swelling of the cornea, and generally occurs due to occasional degeneration following cataract surgery.
Corneal Transplants at Northeastern Eye Institute
While some corneal disorders occur naturally, other disorders can be inherited – and may lead to corneal clouding or loss of sight. In such cases, a corneal transplant (keratoplasty) may be required.
Corneal transplants are a fairly common procedure, with over 20,000 corneal transplants being performed successfully in the United States each year. These transplants are made using corneal donor tissue taken from someone who has just died and was a voluntary donor.
The surgical procedure consists of a transfer of the clear, central part of the cornea from the donor's eye to the patient's eye. Soon after the procedure, the patient can walk and resume most activities. Complete visual rehabilitation may take up to a year, but because the cornea contains no blood vessels, there are relatively few problems with tissue rejection.
The Cornea Center at Northeastern Eye Institute is the region’s leading provider of corneal transplants in the Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton area, as well as throughout Northeastern Pennsylvania. Our team of specialists has successfully performed over a thousand cornea transplants in the past three decades.
Corneal Eye Care Services at the Northeastern Eye Institute
Staffed by corneal eye care specialists Thomas Boland, MD, and Christopher S. Jordan, MD, the Cornea Center at the Northeastern Eye Institute is northeastern Pennsylvania’s leading provider of medical and surgical services to patients with corneal disorders.
Established in 1988, it was the first practice dedicated to corneal disorders in the region; and has since performed over a thousand corneal transplants and helped improve the vision of thousands more.
Today, the Cornea Center at the Northeastern Eye Institute remains a leading authority on the diagnosis and treatment of corneal disorders. In the past three decades, the Cornea Center at the Northeastern Eye Institute has conducted many high-profile research projects, including FDA studies, keratoconus studies, dry eye studies, laser-related research projects and studies sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Contact Northeastern Eye Institute today to schedule an appointment with one of our corneal specialists by calling toll-free (800) 844-6315 or (570) 342-3145, or emailing us to schedule an appointment.